Determination of silodosin and its active glucuronide metabolite KMD‐3213G in human plasma by LC–MS/MS for a bioequivalence study

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Jul 25, 2017
  • Author: Priyanka A. Shah, Pranav S. Shrivastav
  • Journal: Biomedical Chromatography


A sensitive and selective liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) method is described for the simultaneous determination of silodosin (SLD) and its active metabolite silodosin βd‐glucuronide (KMD‐3213G) in human plasma. Liquid–liquid extraction of plasma samples was carried out with ethyl acetate and methyl tert‐butyl ether solvent mixture using deuterated analogs as internal standards. The extraction recoveries of SLD and KMD‐3213G were in the ranges 90.8–93.4 and 87.6–89.9%, respectively. The extracts were analyzed on a Symmetry C18 (50 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) column under gradient conditions using 10 mm ammonium formate in water and methanol–acetonitrile (40:60, v/v), within 6.0 min. For MS/MS measurements, ionization of the analytes was carried out in the positive ionization mode and the transitions monitored were m/z 496.1 → 261.2 for SLD and m/z 670.2 → 494.1 for KMD‐3213G. The method showed good linearity, accuracy, precision and stability in the range 0.10–80.0 ng/mL for SLD and KMD‐3213G. The IS‐normalized matrix factors obtained were highly consistent, ranging from 0.962 to 1.023 for both analytes. The method was used to support a bioequivalence study of SLD and its metabolite in healthy volunteers after oral administration of 8 mg silodosin capsules.

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