An LC–MS/MS method for quantitation of cyanidin‐3 ‐O‐ glucoside in rat plasma: Application to a comparative pharmacokinetic study in normal and streptozotocin‐induced diabetic rats

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Aug 13, 2017
  • Author: Chunxia Yang, Qiuhua Wang, Shenbao Yang, Qiong Yang, Ying Wei
  • Journal: Biomedical Chromatography


A sensitive and reliable liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) method was developed to determine cyanidin‐3‐O‐glucoside (Cy‐3G) in normal and streptozotocin‐induced diabetic rat plasma. Chromatographic separation was carried out on a Zorbax SB‐C18 (50 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) column and mass spectrometric analysis was performed using a Thermo Finnigan TSQ Quantum Ultra triple‐quadrupole mass spectrometer coupled with an ESI source in the negative ion mode. Selected reaction monitoring mode was applied for quantification using target fragment ions m/z 447.3 → 285.2 for Cy‐3G and m/z 463.0 → 300.1 for quercetin‐3‐O‐glucoside (internal standard). The calibration curve was linear over the range 3.00–2700 ng/mL (r2 ≥ 0.99) with the lower limit of quantitation at 3.00 ng/mL. Intra‐ and inter‐day precision was <14.5% and mean accuracy was from −11.5 to 13.6%. Stability testing showed that Cy‐3G remained stable during the whole analytical procedure. After validation, the assay was successfully used to support a preclinical pharmacokinetic comparison of Cy‐3G between normal and diabetic rats. Results indicated that diabetes mellitus significantly altered the in vivo pharmacokinetic characteristics of Cy‐3G after oral administration in rats.

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