LC‐ESI‐MS/MS determination of 4‐methylpyrazole in dog plasma and its application to a pharmacokinetic study in dogs

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Sep 25, 2017
  • Author: Devaraj V. Chandrasekhar, Ponnayyan Sulochana Suresh, Sreekanth Dittakavi, Rakesh A. Hiremath, Ravi Kanth Bhamidipati, Wolfgang Richter, Nuggehally R. Srinivas, Ramesh Mullangi


A simple, specific, sensitive and rapid LC‐ESI‐MS/MS method has been developed and validated for the quantification of 4‐methylpyrazole in dog plasma using N‐methylnicotinamide‐d4 as an internal standard (IS) as per regulatory guidelines. Sample preparation was accomplished through a simple protein precipitation. Chromatographic separation of 4‐methylpyrazole and the IS was performed on a monolithic (Chromolith RP18e) column using an isocratic mobile phase comprising 0.2% formic acid in water and acetonitrile (20:80, v/v) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. Elution of 4‐methylpyrazole and the IS occurred at ~1.60 and 1.56 min, respectively. The total chromatographic run time was 3.2 min. A linear response function was established in the concentration range of 4.96–4955 ng/mL. The intra‐ and inter‐day accuracy and precision were in the ranges 1.81–12.9 and 3.80–11.1%, respectively. This novel method has been applied to a pharmacokinetic study in dogs.

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