The pharmacokinetics study of ginkgolide A, B and the effect of food on bioavailability after oral administration of ginkgolide extracts in beagle dogs

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Mar 8, 2018
  • Author: Lixiang Aa, Fei Fei, Zhaoyi Tan, Jiye Aa, Guangji Wang, Changxiao Liu
  • Journal: Biomedical Chromatography


Ginkgolides are the primarily active components in Ginkgo products that are popular worldwide. However, few studies have evaluated the bioavailability of ginkgolides and the effects of food on it after oral administration of ginkgolides. In this article, pharmacokinetics and absolute bioavailability of the primary components in ginkgolide extracts were evaluated in beagle dogs. For the first time, we showed that the fed dogs had significantly increased area under the concentration–time curve and peak concentration relative to the fasted dogs based on the data from both the prototype form and total lactones of ginkgolide A (GA) and ginkgolide B (GB). In terms of the free form of the prototype ginkgolides, the absolute bioavailabilities of GA and GB were 34.8 and 5.2% in the fasted dogs, respectively, which significantly increased to an average of 78.6 and 17.0%, respectively, in the fed dogs. In terms of acidified total lactones, the absolute bioavailabilities of GA and GB were 7.5 and 14.5% in the fed dogs, and the percentages declined to 4.1 and 3.7% in the fasted dogs, respectively. It was suggested that administration of ginkgolides after meals could promote the in vivo exposure and the bioavailability of GA and GB, and hence potentially enhance therapeutic outcomes.

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