Evaluation of phenolic composition and antioxidant activity changes in olive flowers during development using HPLC/DAD and LC‐MS/MS

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Dec 21, 2017
  • Author: Ons Rekik, Amir Ben Mansour, Mohamed Bouaziz

Abstract

Olive fruit and leaves have been extensively studied for their chemical compositions and biological activities. However, less attention has been given to its flowers. The present research was achieved on Tunisian olive flowers. It aimed at studying the effects of flower development on phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity. The extracts were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography coupled to diode array detection (HPLC/DAD) and coupled to mass spectrometry (LC‐MS/MS). The HPLC/DAD analysis indicated that oleuropein aglycon (from 1.158 to 3.746 g/kg), followed by hydroxytyrosol (from 0.168 to 1.581 g/kg) and oleoside (from 0.143 to 1.325 g/kg) were the predominant phenolics in olive flowers extracts during development stages. Twenty compounds have been identified, revealing the complex profile of olive flowers, composed, in order of abundance, by secoiridoids, phenolic alcohols, lignans, flavonoids and phenolic acids. Total phenolic contents increased from 2.455 to 8.541 g/kg Gallic acid equivalent per kg of fresh flowers during all steps of the flower development. A correlation between antioxidant activity and total phenolic contents was determined.

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