Effect of pore size on performance of monolithic tube chromatography of large biomolecules

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Oct 4, 2017
  • Author: Ales Podgornik, Masataka Hamachi, Yu Isakari, Noriko Yoshimoto, Shuichi Yamamoto
  • Journal: ELECTROPHORESIS

Abstract

Effect of pore size on the performance of ion‐exchange monolith tube chromatography of large biomolecules was investigated. Radial flow 1 mL polymer based monolith tubes of different pore sizes (1.5, 2, and 6 μm) were tested with model samples such as 20 mer poly T‐DNA, basic proteins, and acidic proteins (molecular weight 14 000–670 000). Pressure drop, pH transient, the number of binding site, dynamic binding capacity, and peak width were examined. Pressure drop–flow rate curves and dynamic binding capacity values were well correlated with the nominal pore size. While duration of the pH transient curves depends on the pore size, it was found that pH duration normalized on estimated surface area was constant, indicating that the ligand density is the same. This was also confirmed by the constant number of binding site values being independent of pore size. The peak width values were similar to those for axial flow monolith chromatography. These results showed that it is easy to scale up axial flow monolith chromatography to radial flow monolith tube chromatography by choosing the right pore size in terms of the pressure drop and capacity.

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