Use of Ionic liquids as additives in ion exchange chromatography for the analysis of cations

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Sep 13, 2017
  • Author: Huawei Di, Xiashi Zhu
  • Journal: Journal of Separation Science


The behavior of acids (citric acid, nitric acid, oxalic acid, tartaric acid) as a mobile phase and imidazolium ionic liquids (the bromides, tetrafluoroborates and hexafluorophosphates of 1‐ethyl, 1‐butyl, and 1‐hexyl‐3‐methylimidazolium) as additives in ion exchange chromatography for cations (Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+) separation were studied. The results showed that nitric acid and 1‐hexyl‐3‐methyl‐imidazolium hexafluorophosphate offered the most interesting features in the separation of cations, such as lower retention time and better resolution. The selected optimal conditions were achieved by adding 0.10 mM 1‐hexyl‐3‐methyl‐imidazolium hexafluorophosphate in 4.0 mM HNO3 mobile phase for the separation of four cations with the flow rate of 0.9 mL/min at room temperature (25°C). The linear regression equations of Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+ were = 4.4763c + 0.0209, = 3.8903c – 0.0087, = 6.3974c – 0.0173, and = 7.601c – 0.0339 and the limits of detection of Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+ were 0.296, 4.98, 0.0970, and 1.22 μg/L, respectively. In this work, four cations in samples were successfully detected.

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