Radial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a rotating radiofrequency (RF) coil at 9.4 T

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Dec 27, 2017
  • Author: Mingyan Li, Ewald Weber, Jin Jin, Thimo Hugger, Yasvir Tesiram, Peter Ullmann, Simon Stark, Miguel Fuentes, Sven Junge, Feng Liu, Stuart Crozier
  • Journal: NMR in Biomedicine

The rotating radiofrequency coil (RRFC) has been developed recently as an alternative approach to multi‐channel phased‐array coils. The single‐element RRFC avoids inter‐channel coupling and allows a larger coil element with better B1 field penetration when compared with an array counterpart. However, dedicated image reconstruction algorithms require accurate estimation of temporally varying coil sensitivities to remove artefacts caused by coil rotation. Various methods have been developed to estimate unknown sensitivity profiles from a few experimentally measured sensitivity maps, but these methods become problematic when the RRFC is used as a transceiver coil. In this work, a novel and practical radial encoding method is introduced for the RRFC to facilitate image reconstruction without the measurement or estimation of rotation‐dependent sensitivity profiles. Theoretical analyses suggest that the rotation‐dependent sensitivities of the RRFC can be used to create a uniform profile with careful choice of sampling positions and imaging parameters. To test this new imaging method, dedicated electronics were designed and built to control the RRFC speed and hence positions in synchrony with imaging parameters. High‐quality phantom and animal images acquired on a 9.4 T pre‐clinical scanner demonstrate the feasibility and potential of this new RRFC method.

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