Utility of gradient recalled echo magnetic resonance imaging for the study of myelination in cuprizone mice treated with fingolimod

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Dec 20, 2017
  • Author: Laura Ziser, Naja Meyer‐Schell, Nyoman D. Kurniawan, Robert Sullivan, David Reutens, Min Chen, Viktor Vegh
  • Journal: NMR in Biomedicine

The availability of high‐field‐strength magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems has brought about the development of techniques that aim to map myelination via the exploitation of various contrast mechanisms. Myelin mapping techniques have the potential to provide tools for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, such as multiple sclerosis. In this study, we evaluated the sensitivity of T2*, frequency shift and susceptibility measures to myelin levels in a cuprizone mouse model of demyelination. The model was supplemented with two different dosages of fingolimod, a drug known to positively affect demyelination. A decrease in grey–white matter contrast with the cuprizone diet was observed for T2*, frequency shift and susceptibility measures, together with myelin basic protein antibody findings. These results indicate that T2*, frequency shift and susceptibility measures have the potential to act as biomarkers for myelination. Susceptibility was found to be the most sensitive measure to changes in grey–white matter contrast. In addition, fingolimod treatment was found to reduce the level of demyelination, with a larger dosage exhibiting a greater reduction in demyelination for the in vivo MRI results. Overall, susceptibility mapping appears to be a more promising tool than T2* or frequency shift mapping for the early diagnosis and treatment of diseases in which myelination is implicated.

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