Proteomics in Cell Division

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Sep 4, 2017
  • Author: Zeynep Cansu Üretmen Kagıalı, Aydanur Şentürk, Nazlı Ezgi Özkan Küçük, Mohammad Haroon Qureshi, Nurhan Özlü
  • Journal: PROTEOMICS

Abstract

Cell division requires a coordinated action of the cell cycle machinery, cytoskeletal elements, chromosomes, and membranes. Cell division studies have greatly benefitted from the mass spectrometry (MS)‐based proteomic approaches for probing the biochemistry of highly dynamic complexes and their coordination with each other as a cell progresses into division. In this review, the authors first summarize a wide‐range of proteomic studies that focus on the identification of sub‐cellular components/protein complexes of the cell division machinery including kinetochores, mitotic spindle, midzone, and centrosomes. The authors also highlight MS‐based large‐scale analyses of the cellular components that are largely understudied during cell division such as the cell surface and lipids. Then, the authors focus on posttranslational modification analyses, especially phosphorylation and the resulting crosstalk with other modifications as a cell undergoes cell division. Combining proteomic approaches that probe the biochemistry of cell division components with functional genomic assays will lead to breakthroughs toward a systems‐level understanding of cell division.

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