Journal Highlight: Infrared imaging as a cancer diagnostic tool: Introducing a new concept of spectral barcodes for identifying molecular changes in colon tumors

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  • Published: Mar 4, 2013
  • Author: spectroscopyNOW
  • Channels: Infrared Spectroscopy
thumbnail image: Journal Highlight: Infrared imaging as a cancer diagnostic tool: Introducing a new concept of spectral barcodes for identifying molecular changes in colon tumors

Infrared imaging as a cancer diagnostic tool: Introducing a new concept of spectral barcodes for identifying molecular changes in colon tumors

Cytometry Part A, 2013, 83A, 294-300
Jayakrupakar Nallala, Olivier Piot, Marie-Danièle Diebold, Cyril Gobinet, Olivier Bouché, Michel Manfait, Ganesh D. Sockalingum

A biophotonic approach based on IR spectral micro-imaging combined with multivariate statistical analysis has been implemented on colon tissues to develop a new concept of spectral bar coding.

Abstract: Complementary diagnostic methods to conventional histopathology are under scrutiny for various types of cancers for rapid and molecular level diagnostics. In this perspective, a biophotonic approach based on infrared spectral micro-imaging combined with multivariate statistical analysis has been implemented on colon tissues. The ability of infrared imaging to investigate the intrinsic biochemical features of cells and tissues has been exploited to develop a new concept of spectral bar coding. To implement this concept, 10 frozen colon tissue samples (five nontumoral and tumoral pairs from five patients) were imaged using infrared spectral micro-imaging in a nondestructive manner. The spectral images were processed by a multivariate clustering method to identify the histological organization in a label-free manner. Spectral information from the epithelial components was then automatically recovered on the basis of their intrinsic biochemical composition, and compared using a statistical method (Mann–Whitney U-test) to construct spectral barcodes specific to each patient. The spectral barcodes representing the discriminant infrared spectral wavenumbers (900–1,800 cm−1) enabled characterization of some of the malignancy-associated biochemical alterations associated with mucin, nucleotides, carbohydrates, and protein regions. This approach not only allowed the identification of common biochemical alterations among all the colon cancer patients, but also revealed a difference of gradient within individual patients. This new concept of spectral bar coding gives insight into the potential of infrared spectral micro-imaging as a complementary diagnostic tool to conventional histopathology, for biochemical level understanding of malignancy in colon cancers in an objective and label-free manner.

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