Journal Highlight: Chemometrics-enhanced laser-induced thermal emission detection of PETN and other explosives on various substrates

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  • Published: Jul 13, 2015
  • Author: spectroscopyNOW
  • Channels: Chemometrics & Informatics
thumbnail image: Journal Highlight: Chemometrics-enhanced laser-induced thermal emission detection of PETN and other explosives on various substrates
Infrared emissions of pentaerythritol tetranitrate deposited as contamination residues on various substrates were measured to generate models for its detection and discrimination from the emissions of the substrates.

Chemometrics-enhanced laser-induced thermal emission detection of PETN and other explosives on various substrates

Journal of Chemometrics, 2015, 29, 329-337
Amanda M. Figueroa-Navedo, Nataly J. Galán-Freyle, Leonardo C. Pacheco-Londoño and Samuel P. Hernández-Rivera

Abstract: Infrared emissions (IREs) of samples of pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) deposited as contamination residues on various substrates were measured to generate models for the detection and discrimination of the important nitrate ester from the emissions of the substrates. Mid-infrared emissions were generated by heating the samples remotely using laser-induced thermal emission (LITE). Chemometrics multivariate analysis techniques such as principal component analysis (PCA), soft independent modeling by class analogy (SIMCA), partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), support vector machines (SVMs), and neural network (NN) were employed to generate the models for the classification and discrimination of PETN IREs from substrate thermal emissions. PCA exhibited less variability for the LITE spectra of PETN/substrates. SIMCA was able to predict only 44.7% of all samples, while SVM proved to be the most effective statistical analysis routine, with a discrimination performance of 95%. PLS-DA and NN achieved prediction accuracies of 94% and 88%, respectively. High sensitivity and specificity values were achieved for five of the seven substrates investigated.

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