Journal Highlight: Proteome rearrangements after auditory learning: high-resolution profiling of synapse-enriched protein fractions from mouse brain

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  • Published: Jul 25, 2016
  • Author: spectroscopyNOW
  • Channels: Proteomics
thumbnail image: Journal Highlight: Proteome rearrangements after auditory learning: high-resolution profiling of synapse-enriched protein fractions from mouse brain
A label-free quantification approach was utilized to identify regulated synaptic junctional proteins and phosphoproteins in the auditory cortex, frontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum of mice 24 h after an auditory learning experiment.

Proteome rearrangements after auditory learning: high-resolution profiling of synapse-enriched protein fractions from mouse brain

Journal of Neurochemistry, 2016, 138, 124-138
Thilo Kähne, Sandra Richter, Angela Kolodziej, Karl-Heinz Smalla, Rainer Pielot, Alexander Engler, Frank W. Ohl, Daniela C. Dieterich, Constanze Seidenbecher, Wolfgang Tischmeyer, Michael Naumann and Eckart D. Gundelfinger

Abstract: Learning and memory processes are accompanied by rearrangements of synaptic protein networks. While various studies have demonstrated the regulation of individual synaptic proteins during these processes, much less is known about the complex regulation of synaptic proteomes. Recently, we reported that auditory discrimination learning in mice is associated with a relative down-regulation of proteins involved in the structural organization of synapses in various brain regions. Aiming at the identification of biological processes and signaling pathways involved in auditory memory formation, here, a label-free quantification approach was utilized to identify regulated synaptic junctional proteins and phosphoproteins in the auditory cortex, frontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum of mice 24 h after the learning experiment. Twenty proteins, including postsynaptic scaffolds, actin-remodeling proteins, and RNA-binding proteins, were regulated in at least three brain regions pointing to common, cross-regional mechanisms. Most of the detected synaptic proteome changes were, however, restricted to individual brain regions. For example, several members of the Septin family of cytoskeletal proteins were up-regulated only in the hippocampus, while Septin-9 was down-regulated in the hippocampus, the frontal cortex, and the striatum. Meta analyses utilizing several databases were employed to identify underlying cellular functions and biological pathways. Data are available via ProteomeExchange with identifier PXD003089.

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