Journal Highlight: Early diagnosis of influenza virus A using surface-enhanced Raman scattering-based lateral flow assay

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  • Published: Jan 1, 2017
  • Author: spectroscopyNOW
  • Channels: Raman
thumbnail image: Journal Highlight: Early diagnosis of influenza virus A using surface-enhanced Raman scattering-based lateral flow assay
A SERS-based lateral flow assay (LFA) kit with SERS-active nanotags for the rapid diagnosis of influenza virus A has a limit of detection one order of magnitude better than a colorimetric LFA kit.

Early diagnosis of influenza virus A using surface-enhanced Raman scattering-based lateral flow assay

Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, 2016, 37, 2019-2024
Hyun Ji Park, Sung Chul Yang and Jaebum Choo

Abstract: We report a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based lateral flow assay (LFA) kit for the rapid diagnosis of influenza virus A. Influenza virus A is highly infectious and causes acute respiratory diseases. Therefore, it is important to diagnose the virus early to prevent a pandemic and to provide appropriate treatment to the patient and vaccination of high-risk individuals. Conventional diagnostic tests, including virus cell culture and real-time polymerase chain reaction, take longer than 1 day to confirm the disease. In contrast, a commercially available rapid influenza diagnostic test can detect the infection within 30 min, but it is hard to confirm viral infection using only this test because of its low sensitivity. Therefore, the development of a rapid and simple test for the early diagnosis of influenza infection is urgently needed. To resolve these problems, we developed a SERS-based LFA kit in which the gold nanoparticles in the commercial rapid kit were replaced with SERS-active nano tags. It is possible to quantitatively detect the influenza virus A with high sensitivity by measuring the enhanced Raman signal of these SERS nano tags on the LFA strip. The limit of detection (LOD) using our proposed SERS-based LFA kit was estimated to be 1.9 × 104 PFU/mL, which is approximately one order of magnitude more sensitive than the LOD determined from the colorimetric LFA kit.

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