Journal Highlight: The oxidized thiol proteome in aging and cataractous mouse and human lens revealed by ICAT labeling

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  • Published: Apr 24, 2017
  • Author: spectroscopyNOW
  • Channels: Proteomics
thumbnail image: Journal Highlight: The oxidized thiol proteome in aging and cataractous mouse and human lens revealed by ICAT labeling

All of the disulfide-forming noncrystallin proteins associated with age-related cataractogenesis in mice and humans have been identified using ICAT labelling techniques.

The oxidized thiol proteome in aging and cataractous mouse and human lens revealed by ICAT labeling

Aging Cell, 2017, 16, 244-261
Benlian Wang, Grant Hom, Sheng Zhou, Minfei Guo, Binbin Li, Jing Yang, Vincent M. Monnier and Xingjun Fan

Abstract: Age-related cataractogenesis is associated with disulfide-linked high molecular weight (HMW) crystallin aggregates. We recently found that the lens crystallin disulfidome was evolutionarily conserved in human and glutathione-depleted mouse (LEGSKO) cataracts and that it could be mimicked by oxidation in vitro (Mol. Cell Proteomics, 14, 3211-23 (2015)). To obtain a comprehensive blueprint of the oxidized key regulatory and cytoskeletal proteins underlying cataractogenesis, we have now used the same approach to determine, in the same specimens, all the disulfide-forming noncrystallin proteins identified by ICAT proteomics. Seventy-four, 50, and 54 disulfide-forming proteins were identified in the human and mouse cataracts and the in vitro oxidation model, respectively, of which 17 were common to all three groups. Enzymes with oxidized cysteine at critical sites include GAPDH (hGAPDH, Cys247), glutathione synthase (hGSS, Cys294), aldehyde dehydrogenase (hALDH1A1, Cys126 and Cys186), sorbitol dehydrogenase (hSORD, Cys140, Cys165, and Cys179), and PARK7 (hPARK7, Cys46 and Cys53). Extensive oxidation was also present in lens-specific intermediate filament proteins, such as BFSP1 and BFSP12 (hBFSP1 and hBFSP12, Cys167, Cys65, and Cys326), vimentin (mVim, Cys328), and cytokeratins, as well as microfilament and microtubule filament proteins, such as tubulin and actins. While the biological impact of these modifications for lens physiology remains to be determined, many of these oxidation sites have already been associated with either impaired metabolism or cytoskeletal architecture, strongly suggesting that they have a pathogenic role in cataractogenesis. By extrapolation, these findings may be of broader significance for age- and disease-related dysfunctions associated with oxidant stress.

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