Journal Highlight: Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee: An overview and update of conventional and state of the art imaging

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  • Published: Jun 19, 2017
  • Author: spectroscopyNOW
  • Channels: MRI Spectroscopy
thumbnail image: Journal Highlight: Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee: An overview and update of conventional and state of the art imaging

The technical aspects of high-resolution MRI of the knee are discussed and the diagnostic criteria for detecting meniscal and cruciate tears with MRI is reviewed, including an update on knee MRI pertaining to advanced imaging.

Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee: An overview and update of conventional and state of the art imaging

Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 2017, 45, 1257-1275
Nicholas C. Nacey, Matthew G. Geeslin, Grady Wilson Miller and Jennifer L. Pierce

Abstract: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the preferred modality for imaging the knee to show pathology and guide patient management and treatment. The knee is one of the most frequently injured joints, and knee pain is a pervasive difficulty that can affect all age groups. Due to the diverse pathology, complex anatomy, and a myriad of injury mechanisms of the knee, the MRI knee protocol and sequences should ensure detection of both soft tissue and osseous structures in detail and with accuracy. The knowledge of knee anatomy and the normal or injured MRI appearance of these key structures are critical for precise diagnosis. Advances in MRI technology provide the imaging necessary to obtain high-resolution images to evaluate menisci, ligaments, and tendons. Furthermore, recent advances in MRI techniques allow for improved imaging in the postoperative knee and metal artifact reduction, tumor imaging, cartilage evaluation, and visualization of nerves. As treatment and operative management techniques evolve, understanding the correct application of these advancements in MRI of the knee will prove to be valuable to clinical practice.

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