Journal Highlight: Important issues in plant tissues analyses by HR‐MAS NMR

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  • Published: Sep 3, 2018
  • Author: spectroscopyNOW
  • Channels: NMR Knowledge Base
thumbnail image: Journal Highlight: Important issues in plant tissues analyses by HR‐MAS NMR

A study of the method variables in the HR‐MAS NMR analysis of plant tissues has highlighted the need for standardised sample preparation and instrumental setup protocols in order to achieve high reproducibility and reliable data.

Important issues in plant tissues analyses by HR‐MAS NMR

Phytochemical Analysis, 2018, online
Igor S. Flores, Bruno C.B. Martinelli, Vinicius S. Pinto, Luiz H.K. Queiroz Jr., Luciano M. Lião

Abstract: High‐resolution magic‐angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (HR‐MAS NMR) spectroscopy enables the analysis of the metabolic profile of plant and animal tissues under close to natural conditions, as well as of other heterogeneous natural or synthetic materials. Neither sample pretreatment is required after fragmentation nor powdering of the sample before insertion into the rotor. However, the efficiency of the method depends strongly on the sample preparation, rotor insertion procedure, and analysis conditions. Some of the variables that affect the spectral data have been identified and solutions proposed that minimise their impact on the quality of the analyses and results. Dried plant tissues were powdered, weighed, and homogenised in a 50 μL rotor with an optimised volume of deuterated solvent and sample in order to prevent material from escaping during spacer insertion, avoiding variations in magnetic susceptibility. Factors affecting the quality of HR‐MAS NMR analysis such as particle size, sample and solvent amounts, solvent polarity, swelling time, rotor manipulation and pulse sequence setting were evaluated. A strong correlation was observed between the signal area and the particle size of the powdered sample. The spectral profile varied depending on the deuterated solvent used. An incubation period was necessary to achieve adequate swelling of the sample and to ensure good data reproducibility. Proper sealing of the rotor, number of cycles and τ time on cpmgpr1d pulse sequence were found to affect the signal areas. The study highlights the need for standardised sample preparation and instrumental setup protocols in order to achieve high reproducibility and obtain reliable data from HR‐MAS NMR analyses.

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