Journal Highlight: Time-resolved X-ray PIV technique for diagnosing opaque biofluid flow with insufficient X-ray fluxes

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  • Published: Jun 10, 2013
  • Author: spectroscopyNOW
  • Channels: X-ray Spectrometry
thumbnail image: Journal Highlight: Time-resolved X-ray PIV technique for diagnosing opaque biofluid flow with insufficient X-ray fluxes
X-ray particle image velocimetry in which an image intensifier was combined with a high-speed camera was used to reduce exposure time to below 200 µs, and applied to measure high-speed blood flows in a tube

Time-resolved X-ray PIV technique for diagnosing opaque biofluid flow with insufficient X-ray fluxes

Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 2013, 20, 498-503
Sung Yong Jung, Han Wook Park, Bo Heum Kim, Sang Joon Lee

Abstract: X-ray imaging is used to visualize the biofluid flow phenomena in a nondestructive manner. A technique currently used for quantitative visualization is X-ray particle image velocimetry (PIV). Although this technique provides a high spatial resolution (less than 10 µm), significant hemodynamic parameters are difficult to obtain under actual physiological conditions because of the limited temporal resolution of the technique, which in turn is due to the relatively long exposure time (∼10 ms) involved in X-ray imaging. This study combines an image intensifier with a high-speed camera to reduce exposure time, thereby improving temporal resolution. The image intensifier amplifies light flux by emitting secondary electrons in the micro-channel plate. The increased incident light flux greatly reduces the exposure time (below 200 µs). The proposed X-ray PIV system was applied to high-speed blood flows in a tube, and the velocity field information was successfully obtained. The time-resolved X-ray PIV system can be employed to investigate blood flows at beamlines with insufficient X-ray fluxes under specific physiological conditions. This method facilitates understanding of the basic hemodynamic characteristics and pathological mechanism of cardiovascular diseases.

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