Journal Highlight: Ptychographic X-ray imaging of colloidal crystals

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  • Published: Feb 5, 2018
  • Author: spectroscopyNOW
  • Channels: X-ray Spectrometry
thumbnail image: Journal Highlight: Ptychographic X-ray imaging of colloidal crystals

Ptychographic coherent X-ray imaging has been applied to obtain a projection of the electron density of colloidal crystals, which are promising nanoscale materials for optoelectronic applications and important model systems.

Image: NSF / Lang Feng

Ptychographic X-ray imaging of colloidal crystals

Small, 2018, 14, online
Sergey Lazarev, Ilya Besedin, Alexey V. Zozulya, Janne-Mieke Meijer, Dmitry Dzhigaev, Oleg Yu. Gorobtsov, Ruslan P. Kurta, Max Rose, Anatoly G. Shabalin, Elena A. Sulyanova, IvanA. Zaluzhnyy, Alexey P. Menushenkov, Michael Sprung, Andrei V. Petukhov and Ivan A. Vartanyants

Abstract: Ptychographic coherent X-ray imaging is applied to obtain a projection of the electron density of colloidal crystals, which are promising nanoscale materials for optoelectronic applications and important model systems. Using the incident X-ray wavefield reconstructed by mixed states approach, a high resolution and high contrast image of the colloidal crystal structure is obtained by ptychography. The reconstructed colloidal crystal reveals domain structure with an average domain size of about 2 µm. Comparison of the domains formed by the basic close-packed structures, allows us to conclude on the absence of pure hexagonal close-packed domains and confirms the presence of random hexagonal close-packed layers with predominantly face-centered cubic structure within the analyzed part of the colloidal crystal film. The ptychography reconstruction shows that the final structure is complicated and may contain partial dislocations leading to a variation of the stacking sequence in the lateral direction. As such in this work, X-ray ptychography is extended to high resolution imaging of crystalline samples.

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